Happy Haitian Independence Day 💥🎊🎉 Jan 1, 1804

Happy Haitian Independence Day 💥 🎊 🎉 Jan 1, 1804 I'm Haitian/Puerto Rican (Boricua), so I make sure to celebrate Haiti's ...

Happy Haitian Independence Day 💥🎊🎉 Jan 1, 1804
I'm Haitian/Puerto Rican (Boricua), so I make sure to celebrate Haiti's triumph and independence from France on January 1st!
Read below for more information on the history behind this event.
meme celebrating haitian independence day showing haitians celebrating around fire

History on Haitian Independence Day

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, one of l'Overture's generals and himself a former slave, led the revolutionaries at the Battle of Vertieres on November 18, 1803 where the French forces were defeated. On January 1, 1804, Dessalines declared the nation independent and renamed it Haiti.

 The Haitian Revolution was a successful anti-slavery and anti-colonial insurrection by self-liberated slaves against French colonial rule in Saint-Domingue, now the sovereign state of Haiti. It began on 22 August 1791, and ended in 1804 with the former colony's independence. It involved blacks, mulattoes, French, Spanish, and British participants—with the ex-slave Toussaint L'Ouverture emerging as Haiti's most charismatic hero. It was the only slave uprising that led to the founding of a state which was both free from slavery, and ruled by non-whites and former captives.[4] It is now widely seen as a defining moment in the history of the Atlantic World.

The Haitian Revolution has often been described as the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. Slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony. The Haitian Revolution, however, was much more complex, consisting of several revolutions going on simultaneously. These revolutions were influenced by the French Revolution of 1789, which would come to represent a new concept of human rights, universal citizenship, and participation in government.

Its effects on the institution of slavery were felt throughout the Americas. The end of French rule and the abolition of slavery in the former colony was followed by a successful defense of the freedoms they won, and, with the collaboration of free persons of color, their independence from white Europeans.[7][8][9] It represents the largest slave uprising since Spartacus' unsuccessful revolt against the Roman Republic nearly 1,900 years earlier.[10] It challenged long-held European beliefs about alleged black inferiority and about enslaved persons' capacity to achieve and maintain their own freedom. The rebels' organizational capacity and tenacity under pressure inspired stories that shocked and frightened slave owners in the hemisphere.


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